Although my site is about Euro Coins, I assume many who are interested in the coins will also have an interest in peripheral issues such as Euro Bank Notes, paper money value, events leading to the introduction of the Euro, countries intending/wanting/waiting to enter the Eurozone etc. and so you have here a page with a few particulars pertaining to Euro Notes.
You will notice that the images displayed all have "specimen" printed across them. Because of the problem of forgery it is difficult to obtain permission to display "clean" images but for the purposes of the page the images displayed are, I think, adequate.
All of the Euro Bank Notes have different versions of the following themes:
The images are deliberately designed not to represent any actual structures and are thus not country specific. The differences between the various designs are in the type of style.
5 Euro Note - represents a Classical Architectural Style
10 Euro Note - represents a Romanesque Architectural Style
20 Euro Note - represents a Gothic Architectural Style
50 Euro Note - represents a Renaissance Architectural Style
100 Euro Note - represents a Baroque/Rococo Architectural Style
200 Euro Note - represents an Art Noveau Architectural Style
500 Euro Note - represents a Modern Architectural Style
All Euro Notes bear the signature of the president of the European Central Bank.
You can approximately date your note by comparing the signature on it with those in the following table.
|President of European Central Bank||Tenure of Presidency||Signature|
|Wim Duissenberg||01.06.1998 to 31.10.2003||Jean-Claude Trichet||01.11.2003 to 31.10.2011|
|Mario Draghi||from 01.11.2011 to present|
Two numbers appear on the Euro Notes:
Let's consider the first of these. (Plating Number)
This is a 6 character alpha numeric - a letter followed by 3 numerals followed by a letter and finally a numeral.
Looking at the image on the left we see that this note (a 10 Euro Note) was printed at location R, that it was printed with the very first plate and that it was at the top left hand corner of the plate - A1 = Row1/Column 1
Now let's consider the second prominently displayed number. (Unique Serial Number)
Each Euro Note has a unique serial number. This is a twelve character alphanumeric with a leading letter followed by 11 numerals.
The leading letter shows for which central bank the note was issued. (National identification Code).
Note: a bank note issued by a specific National Bank could well have been printed in another country.
|Country||National Identification Code||Plating
|Austria||N||F||Österreichische Banknoten und Sicherheitsdruck|
|Belgium||Z||T||Banque Nationale de Belgique|
|L||Banque de France|
|Germany||X||P||Giesecke & Devrient|
|Greece||Y||R||Bank of Greece|
|Ireland||T||K||Central Bank of Ireland|
|Italy||S||J||Instituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato|
|Netherlands||P||G||Koninklijke Joh. Enschede|
|Spain||V||M||Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre|
From the above table you will see that some countries - France and Germany use two different printers while other countries - e.g. Luxembourg and Malta - do not print any notes.
The design of the Euro Notes ( as with the Euro Coins) was completed after consultation with organizations representing visibly impaired as well as totally blind people.
Features have been incorporated to enable these people to distinguish between the different notes:
The measures taken to thwart the efforts of counterfeiters are legion - at least 30 have been made known by the authorities or discovered by individuals but there are still others the nature of which is kept secret.
To look at these more closely falls outside of the scope of this site but here is a link to an excellent article in Wikipedia which covers the measures against counterfeiting in greater detail and from which I in fact got much of the material for this page.